Aspendos – Antalya
Aspendos, 8 kilometers east of Serik district, where Köprüçayı reached the plain from the mountainous region BC. It was founded by the Achaeans in the 10th century and is one of the rich and prosperous cities of the ancient period. The theater here is M.S. It was built by the Romans in the 2nd century. The city is built on two hills, one big and one small.
Geographers Strabon and Pamponrus Mela write that the city was founded by the people of Agrus. Greek migrations took place in the region after 1200 BC, but the source of the name Aspendos is the native Anatolian language before the Greeks. Aspendos was one of the cities that were wanted to be conquered in every age because it was on an important trade route and connected to the harbor by Köprüçay River. Documentary director Tekin Gün, in his research notes about the cities of Pamphylia in 2003, states that it was under Persian rule until the first quarter of the 5th century. He mentions that the Greek side won the war between the Greeks and Persians in 467, known as the Battle of Eurymedon.
The most important structure of Aspendos is its theater. It is an open air theater that has been preserved in the best way among the ancient theaters. This theater is the oldest and most solid example of Roman theaters in Anatolia that can reach today with its stage. Its architect is Zenon, the son of Theodorus of Aspendos. It was started to be built in the time of Antonius Pius and completed in the time of Marcus Aurelius (138-164). The theater was presented to the imperial family with the local gods of the city.
Thousands of local and foreign tourists visit Aspendos every year. The ancient theater is also used for concerts, events.
There is also a little story of Aspendos Antique Theater. The king of Aspendos once had a very beautiful daughter whom everyone wanted to marry. Since the king did not know who to give his daughter to, he announces to the public, “Whoever does the most beneficial thing for our people, our city, I will give my daughter to him.” Thereupon, two twin brothers build two large structures. One of them is the aqueducts that bring water from far away from the city, passing through complex roads and many difficulties; It is the best theater in the world, acoustically speaking, where its sound is heard even from the upper ranks when a coin is thrown on the floor in the middle of the middle. After seeing the aqueducts, the king wants to give his daughter to the aqueduct maker. Thereupon, the architect of the theater, Zenon, plays a game for the king. As the king strolls high in the theater, he hears a whisper: “The king must give his daughter to me.” The king, who is fascinated by the acoustics, divides his daughter into two with a big sword and gives it to the brothers.